2021.07.13 16:45

EU's Borrell backs Vilnius charge that Belarus uses migrants as ‘weapon’

RFE/RL2021.07.13 16:45

The European Union's top diplomat has suggested further sanctions could be on the table after Lithuanian officials urged the bloc to slap a new round of punitive measures on Belarus and its strongman ruler, Alexander Lukashenko, for sending a flood of migrants across its border and into the Baltic state.

At a meeting of EU foreign ministers in Brussels on July 12, Lithuanian Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis and EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell agreed that Minsk was using migrants as a “weapon” in its dispute with the bloc.

“We need to be very strict with the regimes that are using these sorts of weapons, first of all with sanctions,” Landsbergis said.

Vilnius says Lukashenko's regime is trying to pressure the 27-member bloc in response to the sanctions it imposed following the forced diversion of a Ryanair commercial flight to Belarus to arrest an opposition blogger and his girlfriend.

Read more: Lithuania hopes to deter Lukashenko from 'weaponising migration'

Without providing evidence, Lithuanian EU lawmaker Rasa Juknevičienė told the July 12 meeting that Belarus and Russia were behind human-smuggling networks that were being aided by Iran to get people to the Lithuanian border.

Belarus and Russia have rejected such accusations.

Lithuania has been one of the staunchest critics of Lukashenko, calling for a robust EU response against his regime. On July 5, Lithuania granted the Belarusian democratic opposition led by Svetlana Tikhanovskaya official status in the EU country.

Read more: Lithuania designates Tikhanovskaya's team as ‘democratic representation of Belarus’

“When refugees are used as a political weapon [...] I will talk to my colleagues in order for the European Union to have a common strategy,” Lithuanian Foreign Minister Landsbergis said on July 12 as he arrived in Brussels for a meeting with his EU counterparts.

Last week, Lithuanian Prime Minister Ingrida Šimonytė said Belarus had been offering migrants flights to Minsk, citing documents found on at least one migrant who had reached Vilnius.

Borrell said after the meeting that the European Union should consider expanding the economic sanctions that were imposed on Belarus last month.

“To use migrants as a weapon, pushing people against the borders, is unacceptable,” Borrell said.

Hundreds of people have crossed into Lithuania since Lukashenko said in May that his country would no longer prevent migrants from crossing its western border into the EU.

The European Union's border guard agency, Frontex, said on July 12 it would send additional personnel to conduct interviews with migrants to gather information on criminal networks involved in the flow of people, while Vilnius said last week that it had started construction of a 550-kilometer razor-wire barrier on its border with Belarus.

Read more: Lithuania starts building wire fence on border with Belarus

“The situation at Lithuania's border with Belarus remains worrying. I have decided to send a rapid border intervention to Lithuania to strengthen the EU's external border,” Frontex Executive Director Fabrice Leggeri said in a statement.

In the first week of July, Lithuanian authorities recorded more than 800 irregular crossings at its border – much of which runs along heavily wooded areas – with Belarus, according to Frontex.

Separately, Lithuania on July 12 announced that it would open a new camp in the town of Dieveniškės on its southeastern border with Belarus to house 500 migrants.

Dieveniškės is situated in a pocket of Lithuanian territory that is almost completely surrounded by Belarus. It is connected to the rest of the country by a 2.5-kilometer-wide isthmus.

This story originally appeared on Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, partners of LRT English.

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