News2020.02.03 17:30

US pledges to help Belarus ‘build its own sovereign country’

Deutsche Welle 2020.02.03 17:30

During a visit to Minsk, US top diplomat Mike Pompeo has said Washington wants to help Belarus safeguard its sovereignty. Pompeo said US energy producers were ready to deliver 100 percent of the oil Belarus needs.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Saturday that his country was ready to supply Belarus' energy needs, filling a gap left by Russia, which recently cut off oil supplies.

“The United States wants to help Belarus build its own sovereign country,” Pompeo said in a joint news conference with Belarusian Foreign Minister Vladimir Makei.

“Our energy producers stand ready to deliver 100 percent of the oil you need at competitive prices. We're the biggest energy producer in the world and all you have to do is call us,” Pompeo added.

Read more: Belarus calls for regular oil imports via Baltics as first shipment arrives in Lithuania

Pompeo has become the highest-ranking US official to visit Belarus in over a decade, as he kicks off a tour to several former Soviet republics in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.

Relations between the US and Belarus have been frosty for some time. Since President Alexander Lukashenko came to power in 1994, Belarus has suppressed dissent and has seen its human rights record widely criticised.

On Saturday, the US State Department said in a statement that Pompeo's visit would “underscore the US commitment to a sovereign, independent, stable and prosperous Belarus, and affirm our desire to normalize our bilateral relations”.

Competing with Russia

On Monday, Moscow issued a statement, saying that Belarus has every right to develop ties with the United States, Reuters reports.

Pompeo's announcement on energy supplies comes a month after Russia, Belarus' main provider of cheap energy, stopped supplying its oil, following the two countries' failure to renegotiate an agreed oil price for 2020.

Read more: Lukashenko accuses Moscow of pressuring Belarus into Russian merger

Moscow had asked Minsk to accept greater economic integration with Russia in return for energy resources at favourable domestic prices.

The conflict has led Belarus to fear for its sovereignty, with Lukashenko accusing Russia of stopping energy supplies in order “to dissolve Belarus”.

Since then, the Belarusian president has vowed to seek alternative oil suppliers and announced Friday that negotiations with the United States, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were ongoing.

Normalisation of relations

Following the 2006 Belarusian presidential election, which was marred by allegations that Lukashenko was involved in “human rights abuses related to political repression”, the US imposed sanctions on him.

Belarus responded by recalling its ambassador from the US and in 2008, the Belarusian government “unilaterally forced the US Embassy to withdraw its ambassador and reduce its staff from 35 to five diplomats”.

Efforts to restore diplomatic relations are ongoing, with Pompeo promising to staff the embassy and name a new US ambassador. On Saturday, Lukashenko lamented the “absolutely groundless misunderstandings of the past authorities” and welcomed Pompeo's visit.

The secretary of state said Belarus had made “real progress” in reforms, including on human rights, but that more needed to be done to bring about a lifting of US sanctions.

Read more: US welcomes Lithuania's engagement with Belarus, FM says ahead of Minsk visit

Makei acknowledged the need to make some changes. “Belarus is probably not a most ideal country in this regard, and we do understand that we must implement some reforms in many areas, including the area of human rights – and we are doing this,” he said.

Lithuanian Foreign Minister also went on a visit to Minsk on Monday, where he was due to discuss the Astravyets nuclear plant and Lithuanian minority issues in Belarus.

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