The Lithuanian government has proposed a law introducing quotas for non-EU migrant workers.
The quotas would be set annually by the the Employment Service, which also compiles a list of occupations in short supply in Lithuania. If the country's parliament passes the law, the first quota will fixed in 2021.
The restrictions, however, would not apply to highly qualified workers.
The proposed legislative package also provides for more favorable immigration conditions for nationals of economically developed countries who can travel visa-free to Lithuania.
These include Australia, Japan, the US, Canada, South Korea and New Zealand. Their citizens will be issued temporary residence permits allowing to live in Lithuania for up to three years and bring along their families.
Deputy Interior Minister Darius Urbonas has said the United Kingdom would also be added to the list post-Brexit.
Some 52,000 third-country nationals came to work in Lithuania last year. The figure has been on the increase in recent years.
Most migrant workers come from Ukraine.