Starting in July, car owners in Lithuania will be subject to a pollution tax payable upon registering the vehicle. The much-discussed bill was passed in the Lithuanian parliament on Tuesday.
The tax was supported by 72 MPs, while 53 voted against it and four abstained.
Authors of the initiative present it as a pollution tax, but the opposition have criticised the levy, saying it will not encourage drivers to switch to newer less polluting cars nor use public transport.
Opponents have also noted that heavy agricultural vehicles as well as vintage collector cars will be exempt from the tax, raising doubts about its fairness.
The tax will range from 13.5 to 540 euros, depending on the kind of vehicle and its CO2 emissions. All cars emitting more than 130 g/km of CO2 will be subject to the levy.
Lithuania has committed to cut CO2 emissions 9 percent (compared to the 2005 levels) by 2030.